1. Consider the following statements
Explanation: In the Neolithic age, people less depended on hunting, food gathering and began to produce their own food. In the world context the Neolithic age begins at 9000 B.C. In south Asia the earliest Neolithic settlement is at Mehrgarh, dated around 7000 B.C. They cultivated crops like wheat and barley. The first metal to be used was copper.
2. Match the following
Explanation: Sir William Jones established “the Asiatic society of Bengal” in Calcutta in 1784. He was the first to suggest that Sanskrit, Latin and Greek belonged to the same family of language. He was also translated the “Abignana sakuntalam” into English in 1789. In 1785 Charles Wilkins translated Bhagavad-Gita into English language. A nationalist historian Rajendra lal mitra, in his “Indo Aryans” text he discussed about caste system and food habits in ancient India. Pandurang vaman kane, in his “history of the Dharmasastras”, he discussed about ancient social laws and customs.
3. The evidence of bone tools during upper Paleolithic age in India comes from only one site, which of the following is that site?
Explanation: Muchachatta chintamanu gavi cave located in Kurnool district Andhra Pradesh. 90% of the tool made of long animal bones. This cave yielded the only evidence of hearth fire in India during upper Paleolithic age.
4. Consider the following statements
5. Which of the following statements is /are wrong?
Explanation: during Mesolithic age people in India started painting walls of the caves. Eg: Bhimbetka, Adamgarh, Pratapgarh and mirzapur are famous for their rich art and paintings. Some of the paintings and engravings depict activities like sexual union, child birth, rearing of child and burial ceremony. The site of Chopanimando near Allahabad, archeologist founded use of handmade pottery.
6. Find the wrong statement ?
Explanation: The Jorwe culture is the most important and characteristic Chalcolithic culture of Maharashtra. A characteristic feature of the Jorwe settlement pattern is the existence of large regional centers surrounded by smaller villages.
7. Which of the following name was given to Iron Age?
8. Match the following.
Explanation: complete absence of stone tools, numerous copper objects were found at Ahar, located in Rajasthan. At Burzahom, archeologist found pit dwellings; people of Burzahom used wide range of bone points, needles, awls and harpoons. Dogs were buried with their masters.
9. At which of the following site a true hominid skeleton has been found?
Explanation: a true hominid Skelton was discovered at Hathnora in the Narmada valley by Arun sonakia. This skeleton was of a female and probably belonged to the middle Pleistocene.
10. The earliest trace of human occupation in the Krishna plains is found at ?
Explanation: All the three Stone Age tools and other materials were founded at Nagarjuna konda
11. Match the following
Explanation: In Indus valley civilization majority of the sites had river banks. With the help of flood water they developed the agriculture. Ropar located on the bank of Sutlej River, kunal located on the bank of Saraswathi River, Rojdi located on the bank of Bahadar River and kuntasi located on the bank of Phulkli River.
12. Which of the following statements is /are true
13. Which of the following statements is/ are true
Explanation: the staple food of indus valley civilization is wheat, barley. The evidence of rice was found at rangapur and Lothal which is located in gujarath. The terracotta plough has been discovered at banawali.
14. Fire alters was discovered at?
Explanation: fire alters was discovered at Lothal and Kalibangan. Ritual and religious or worship concept has developed.
15. Regarding to Town planning of Indus valley, which of the following statements is/ are correct?
Explanation: The Harappan culture was distinguished by its system of town planning. The house was built with burnt bricks; no other civilization was used burnt bricks and underground drainage system
16. Regarding the Indus valley civilization which of the following statement is/are correct?
Explanation: Indus Valley civilization people gave importance to health and cleanness and constructed bathroom in each and every house, wastewater channels connected to main line underground drainage
17. Which of the following crops was not known to Indus Valley people?
Explanation: The Indus valley people produced wheat, barley, rai, peas, sesame, mustard and cotton. The Indus valley people sowed seed in the flood plains in November and reaped their harvest of wheat and barley in April.
18. Which of the following statements is/are correct?
Explanation: Harappans evolved some new techniques in metallurgy and produced copper, bronze, lead, and tin. The engineering skill of the Harappans was remarkable, especially in building docks. The basic costume of ancient society was a length of cloth wrapped around the lower part of the body, and a loose fitting garment for the upper body, which was usually another length of fabric.
19. Which of the following statement is a wrong?
Explanation: Indus Valley people used bronze metal. Bronze was made up of Copper and tin. Copper was obtained from the Khetri mines and Afghanistan. Tin was also imported from Afghanistan. Gold was imported from South India; in Mesopotamian literature they mentioned “Meluha” and Bahrain.
20. Consider the following statements
Explanation: In Harappa numerous Terracotta figurines women have been found. Like Egyptian’s Indus people also worshipped mother goddess. Numerous symbols of the phallus and female sex organs made of stone have been found in Harappa.
21. Match the following
22. Consider the following statements
Explanation: The Rig Vedic Aryans were pastoral, cattle rearing people. Cattle were symbols of wealth and prosperity of the Aryans. Sometimes cattle was used as the medium of exchange
23. Most important rivers during Rig Vedic period?
Explanation: in Rig Veda, Aryans mentioned several rivers like Sarswathi, Sindhu and etc... They gave importance to saraswathi or Naditama, the best of rivers
24. Consider the following statements
Explanation: Rigveda composed by Aryans, which contains prayers offered to varuna, indra, Agni and other gods. In Rigveda indra was praised as Purandhara, destroyer of forts.
25. Which of the following statements refers to Brahmana’s?
Explanation: Brahmana, any of a number of prose commentaries attached to the Vedas, the earliest writings of Vedic Religion, explaining their significance as used in ritual sacrifices and the symbolic import of the priests’ actions.
26. What did the term “Niyoga” explain in Vedic society?
Explanation: widow remarriage system was completely absent during Rig Vedic period, but it explains niyoga (levirate). Levirate marriage is a type of marriage in which the brother of a deceased man is obliged to marry his brother's widow, and the widow is obliged to marry her deceased husband's brother.
27. Regarding the later Vedic age Which of the following statements is/are not correct?
Explanation: later vedic society is divided based on caste system.
28. Match the following
Explanation: some philosophical schools were started during Vedic age .They are Nyaya started by Gautama, Vaishashika started by kanada, sankya started by kapila and purva mimasa.
29. For the first time, all the four Ashramas are mentioned in Which of the following texts
Explanation: for the first time four ashramas or stages of life discussed in Jalaupanishad
30. During 6th B.C which of the following contributed to the ultimate dominant position of maghadh?
31. What was the occasion for the Second Buddhist Council?
Explanation: The teachings of Gautama Buddha were codified in the first Buddhist council. To settle the controversy arising from the adoption of certain practices by the vajji monks of Vaishali was the occasion for the Second Buddhist Council. To establish the purity of the canon, which had been imperiled by the rise of different sects was the occasion for the third Buddhist Council. To put an end to the dissent in the sangha was the occasion for the fourth Buddhist Council
32. Which of the following texts discuss about the origin of kingship?
Explanation: The Aitareya Brahmana explained the rational theory of election by common consent of origin of kingship
33. Which of the following is not true about the Gahapatis?
34. Which of the following statements are correct
Explanation: for the first time horse was domesticated near the black sea in the sixth millennium B.C, but it became common only from second millennium B.C onwards. In meghalithic period people buried dead with iron implements. During later Vedic period people started using iron especially in Uttar Pradesh. “krishna ayas” term used for iron in later Vedic texts.
35. “Man is subject to the law of nature” philosophy belongs to which of the following religion?
Explanation: founder of Ajivika order was makkhali gosala, who drank and went naked, practiced sexual rites. He discarded the karma and there is no birth after death.
36. What was the main reason to rise of new religions in 6th century B.C?
Explanation: the real cause of the rise of new religions in the society was by a new agricultural economy in Ganga basin. In agriculture, cattle played a very important role, but Vedic religion promoted animal sacrifice in “yagnas” that’s why agrarians opposed large scale animal sacrifice and supported new religions which support non-violence, peace and harmony in the society.
37. Which of the following statements was wrong ?
Explanation: Jainism did not condemn the Varna system as Buddhism did. In Mahaveera opinion, by leading pure and meritorious life, members of the lower castes can achieve liberation.
38. Which of the following statements is/are wrong ?
Explanation: Mahaveera and Buddha preached their teachings in common people’s language i.e. Prakrit, Pali. Jainism gradually spread into south and west India where the brahmanical religion was weak. Because of famines in Magadha, Jain monks migrated to south India along with Chandra gupta Maurya under the leadership of Badra bahu .
39. Which of the following statements is/are true
Explanation: Gautama Buddha preached his teachings in pali language, he condemned the authority of brahman over people. He advocated simple principles to follow Buddhism. buddha opened the doors to everyone irrespective of caste, creed and sex.
40. Which of the following is /are correct with reference to the decline of Buddhism?
Explanation: Buddhism introduced idolatry and they started worshiping Buddha in image form. Buddhist gave up Pali language and used Sanskrit, the language of intellectuals. Bhaktyar khilji invaded Bengal and destroyed monasteries like Nalanda, vikrama sila and Uddantha puri.
41. Which of the following rulers introduced “kharoshti script” in India?
Explanation: Cyrus (Persians) was the first foreigner to invade India. Persian rulers captured north western India and convert it into satrapies. Persians introduced “kharoshti script” which is written from right to left.
42. Which of the following statements is/are true
43. Which of the following ages, metallic coins were introduced in India?
Explanation: Earliest coins were introduced in India 6th century or age of Buddha. At that period not only kings but also trading guilds minted coins. Copper coins were more in number.
44. “He watches over the world, punishes the evil doers and forgives the sins of those who implore his pardon. The sun is his eye, the sky is his garment and the storm is his breath. Rivers flow by his command, the sun shines, the star and the moon are in their courses for fear of him” The statement refers to which of the following Vedic Gods ?
Explanation: In Rigveda, they praise Varuna as a cosmic god. Varuna was supposed to uphold the natural order, and whatever happened in the world was thought to be reflection of his desire. Varuna means the god of water, love and compassion. Indra means the lord of war and fear.
45. Second Buddhist council got financial assistance from
Explanation: Second Buddhist council was held in 383 B.C at vaisali. kalashoka the ruler of maghada gave financial assistance to second Buddhist council.
46. Which of the following moral virtues is not a part of Bhagavatism?
Explanation: Bhagavatism promoted Bhakti and moral in the society. Bhagavatism opposed private property and encouraged principles like piety, charity and non violence.
47. Which of the following is the important source to study the Mauryan history?
Explanation: Asoka is the first ruler to give inscription in India. He gave 80 inscriptions which were founded in 48 places.
48. Asoka use the term “Piyyadasi raje Magadhe” in which of the following edicts?
Explanation: Asoka gave 80 inscriptions, but never added his name. In Bhabru inscription instead of his name he used “piyyadasi raje Magadhe”. In only four inscriptions he mentioned his name; they are Maski, Nittur, Udegolam and gurjjara inscriptions.
49. Consider the statements
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50. Consider the statements
Explanation: in his indika, megasthanes discussed about Mauryan administration elaborately. Pliny the elder, a roman author discussed the strength of Mauryan army.
51. Consider the statements
Explanation: In the world context Darius-I was first person to issue inscriptions; In India Asoka was the first ruler who gave inscriptions.
52. Which of the following statements about the guilds of the Mauryan period is not correct?
Explanation: without the permission of city administration traders cannot move from one place to another
53. The Arthasastra deals with
Explanation: kautilya was the author of “Arthasastra”, which discussed about “the political state craft”. Main important theory was Saptanga. According to him the state is constituted by following elements: 1) king 2)minister 3) janapada 4) fort 5) treasury 6) army 7) Mitra
54. “We shall send you figs and the wine, but in Greece the laws forbid a sophist to sold”. Who gave this statement
Explanation: Antiochus was a very good friend of Bindusara. Like his father (selucus) he also maintained good relations with Mauryans. Bindusara wrote to Antiochus, asking for figs and a sophist to be sent to the mauryan court.
55. Which of the following pairs is not correctly matched?
Explanation: Dipavamsha discussed about asoka efforts to spread Buddhism to srilanka.
56. Which of the following about the Mauryan coinage are correct?
57. “Sovereignty can be carried on only with assistance. A single wheel does not move. Hence the king should employee the ministers and hears their advice” Who quoted this statement?
58. Regarding to Megasthanes Indica, which of the statement is/are true?
Explanation: Selucus nicator sent his ambassador megasthenes to Mauryan court. Megasthanese wrote many controversial things in his book. In Indian society there is no slavery and usury system. Widow can remarry and women can give divorce.
59. Match the following
60. “Savve Munisha Pajamama” this statement found in which of the following asokan edict?
Explanation: Savve munisha paja mama means all the people in the empire was his children.
61. Which of the following statements is /are true
Explanation: Asoka inscriptions give information about his religious faith and moral order, he asked his subjects to avoid expensive, meaningless ceremonies and rituals.
62. Which of the following statements is/are wrong?
Explanation: Smritis and Puranas encourage the performance of sati rite. The authority however, prohibits those wives who have not attained the age of puberty, are pregnant, or have very young children, from becoming a sati
63. Regarding the marriage system of Vedic period, which of the following statements is/ are true?
Explanation: Dharmasatras mention eight forms of marriage i.e. Brahma, Prajapatya, Daiva, Arsa, Gandharva, Asura, Paishacha and Rakshasa. Daiva form the bride was given in marriage to a priest, who offiated at a sacrifice. In Arsa form of the marriage bridegroom offer bull to brides parents. Asura marriage system was marriage by purchase
64. Regarding the Gandhara School of art, which of the following statements is/ are incorrect?
Explanation: black stone was used extensively in the Gandhara School of art.
65. Which of the following statements is/are true
Explanation: Gandhara School of art was started by Indo – Greeks. But real patrons of the school were the saka and the kushanas, especially kanishka. Greek’s carved Buddha has a Greek warrior.
66. Which of the following statement is/are true
Explanation: The artist used the red sand stone for making images. Mathura school of art purely Indian in its early phase and influenced by Jainism. Mathura school of art is secular art, in which they carved images of Buddha, Jain Tirthankaras, Vedic gods, Yakshini’s, Nagini’s and Apsara’s
67. Which one of the following theories about “the Varna system” is the most acceptable theory?
68. Regrading Sangam age which of the following statements is /are correct?
Explanation: a college (Sangam) of Tamil poets flourished for a time under royal patronage in Madurai. “Silappadigaram” was the earliest and greatest epic of the Sangam age. Author of “silappadigaram” is “Illango adigial” .
69. Which of the following statements is /are in correct?
Explanation: The Tamils know the art of writing before the beginning of Christian era, i.e. since the second century B.C. The earliest script used by the Tamil is the Brahmi script.
70. Which of the following statement is/are correct?
Explanation: The Gargi samhita, the mahabhashya, the malavikagnimitram and the Harsha charitra furnish details about sungas. Pushyamitra sunga destroyed Mauryan Empire and laid the foundation of sunga dynasty. In North India sunga and in south India satavahanas revived Brahmanic religion.
71. Regarding Hala of satavahana dynasty which of the following statements is/are wrong?
Explanation: like mauryans satavahanas also gave importance to prakrit language. According to puranas 30 stavahana rulers ruled Deccan and south India. Hala composed Gathasaptasati in maharastri prakrit .
72. Which of the following statement is/are correct?
Explanation: Sakas influenced by brahamans and they converted into brahamanic religion. They promoted Sanskrit has official language.
73. Regarding Kanishka which of the following statement is/are wrong?
Explanation: Kanishka was the greatest king of his dynasty. According to Al-beruni, kanishka ruled Afghanistan and the adjoining parts of Central Asia. According to Hiuen Tsang, kanishka ruled his vast empire from his capital Purushapura to maghadh. Kanishka used titles Kaiser and Devaputra.
74. The modern word Gandhi was derived from which of the following ancient terms?
Explanation: During ancient period, to protect the interest of professional and traders they established trading guilds. Buddhist jataka stories gives information about 18 trading guilds such as kulala, vadika, gandhika, etc. Gandhika Sreni(guilD) work was to prepare perfumes.
75. The term “Yavanika” means
Explanation: In Indian literature Indo Greeks were called as Yavana’s. Indo-Greeks introduced curtains which are used in Dramas and it plays a very important role. In Indian literature curtains were called as Yavanikas.
76. Who among the following deplore that bullion was following out of the Roman Empire into India?
Explanation: Pliny the elder was the member of roman assembly. Romans completely depend on Indian products like spices, maslin, ivory and etc. Indians and other countries traders of the cast drained Rome to the extent of 550 million sesterces (gold coins) annually.
77. What was the general rate of interest charged on loan during the pre-Gupta period?
Explanation: The general rate of interest charged on loans contracted for trading purpose during the period was around 15% per annum.
78. Which of the following statements are correct about Vajrayanists?
Explanation: Taras were the consorts of the Buddha and the bodhisattvas
79. Which of the following statements is correct about the first Jain council?
Explanation: After returning of Jain monks from south india to maghadh, Jains conducted first jain council at pataliputra under the chairmanship of Sthulabahu
80. Which of the following statements is correct?
Explanation: Nitisara gives us a fair idea of the polity and administration of the Guptas.
81. Which of the following Gupta inscriptions are in the nature of Prasastis?
Explanation: Prasasti means eulogy of a king. Eran prasasti gives information about Samudra gupta the greatness. Junagarh and Bhitari prasasti gives information about the greatness of Skandagupta
82. Match the following
Explanation: land revenue was the major income source of Gupta’s. During gupta period land revenue is called as bhaga (king share). Other income sources like Bali (voluntary offering), sulka, kliptha.
83. “Navanitakam” of the Gupta period was a book on
Explanation: The Navanitakam, a medical work, which is a manual of recipes, formula and prescriptions, was compiled during this period. Varahamihira was the author of Navanitakam.
84. Which of the following is /are true about Gupta administration?
Explanation: Guptas administration was decentralized administration; they depend on feudal lords and sub ordinates.
85. Which of the following statements about land grants of the Gupta period is /are incorrect?
Explanation: Agrahara grants were restricted to brahmins. They were meant to be perpetual, hereditary and tax free. The Nalanda and Gaya grants of Samudragupta are the earliest agrahara grants.
86. Which of the following Gupta emperor is represented on his coins as playing the veena
87. Which of the following works tells us about the coronation festival of the chandra gupta I?
88. Match the following
89. Match the following
90. “Sages declare a field to belong to him who cleared away timber, and a deer to him who first wounded it” this is attributed to
91. Consider the following statements on Manu “the acceptance of an untilled field by a Brahmin is less blamable than that of a tilled ones” it points to the facts that
92. Harsha conducted two Great Religious Assemblies. Which of the following places were the venues for these assemblies?
Explanation: The religious assembly held at kanoj on the bank of river Ganga.The purpose of the assembly was to highlight the teachings of Buddha. The Prayaga Assembly was an assembly of universal character for offerings of royal charities to all classes of people. It was known as the Maha Moksha Parishad.
93. Which of the following is /are correct about the social customs observed by HiuenTsang?
Explanation: Sati system was practiced by higher varna women. After the death of king Prabhakara vardhana his wife preformed sati.
94. Which of the following was not responsible for the decline of the Gupta Empire?
95. Which one of the following is not true about the reign of Pulakeshin II of Chalukya?
96. Which one of the following was a characteristic feature of the architecture during the gupta period?
Explanation: In the Deccan and the south, some of the finest examples of the rock cut types of caves were executed during the gupta period of Udayagiri, Bagh and Ajanta caves.
97. Which one of the following statements is not true about samudra gupta?
98. Match the following
99. “Punarbhu” was
Explanation: Remarriage of widows seems to have been permitted in the ancient days under certain conditions. Such a woman was known as ‘punarbhu’. A married woman was permitted to remarry by some Dharmasastras under the following conditions: When a husband dies very early or is lost or unheard of for a long time. If he becomes a sanyāsin If he is impotent or suffering from incurable diseases or a sinner.
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