9th November, 2018 (National & International Current Affairs)

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1. National Legal services Day is observed every year on:

Correct! Wrong!

2. Which of the following has won a UNESCO Asia-Pacific award for conservation?

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Restoration of an aristocratic house undertaken by LAMO (Ladakh Arts and Media Organisation) Center in Ladakh has won a UNESCO Asia-Pacific award for conservation While the Ladakh project won in the category of Award of Distinction under the UNESCO Asia-Pacific Awards for Cultural Heritage Conservation, restoration projects of the iconic Rajabai Clock Tower of Mumbai University and Ruttonsee Muljee Jetha Fountain have jointly received Honourable Mention, along with a project in China. Note: Conservation architect Vikas Dilawari, who restored Ruttonsee Muljee Jetha Fountain and has won 16 UNESCO Asia-Pacific Awards for Cultural Heritage Conservation, including 14 for Mumbai projects

3. Global Cooling Innovation Summit will be held in:

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Global Cooling Innovation Summit will be held in New Delhi. The Summit is a first-of-its-kind solutions-focused event that will bring together leaders from around the world to explore concrete means and pathways to address the climate threat that comes from the growing demand from room air conditioners. The event is jointly organized by the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India, along with Rocky Mountain Institute, Alliance for An Energy Efficient Economy (AEEE), Conservation X Labs and CEPT University. The summit will also see the launching of Global Cooling Prize— Mission Innovation challenge that aims to spur development of a residential cooling solution that has at least five times (5x) less climate impact than today's standard.

4. Land Ports Authority of India (LPAI) works under:

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LPAI was established in 2012 under Land Ports Authority of India Act, 2010 as a statutory body to function as a body corporate under the administrative control of the Department of Border Management, Ministry of Home Affairs. Vested with the powers on the lines of similar bodies like Airports Authority of India, the LPAI is mandated to provide better administration and cohesive management at border crossings on India’s land borders LPAI is mandated inter alia to plan, develop, construct, manage and maintain Integrated Check Posts (ICPs), regulate functions of various agencies working at such Check Posts, coordinate with various concerned Ministries, Departments of the Government of India or other agencies for regulating the entry and exit of passengers and goods and establish necessary service facilities.

5. What is the rank of India in terms of Tea production?

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India is the 2nd largest producer and 4th largest exporter of tea in the world with a 23% share in global production and a 7.5% share in world tea exports.

6. Which of the following is not correctly matched?

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About three decades after Swedish-made Bofors Howitzers were inducted by the Indian Army, it received three major artillery gun systems, including the M777 A2 ultra-light howitzers, K-9 Vajra self-propelled gun and a ‘Composite Gun Towing Vehicle M777 A2 ultra-light howitzers The 155mm, 39 calibre ultra-light Howitzers have been procured from India-US deal signed in November 2016 for 145 M777 Ultra-Light Howitzers. Under it, 25 guns will be imported and rest will be assembled in India by BAE Systems in partnership with Mahindra Defense The M777 guns procured by India will be able to strike targets anywhere between 24-40 km. K-9 Vajra-tracked self-propelled guns It is a 155-mm, 52-calibre self-propelled gun with maximum range of 40 km. It will be imported from South Korea. It is customized version of original K9 Thunder artillery gun for desert conditions. Total 100 units will be procured by Army. The first ten K9 Vajra 155mm/52 calibre guns have been imported from Hanwha Techwin of South Korea in semi-knocked down state and have been assembled by L&T in India. The remaining 90 guns will be largely manufactured in India with some major assemblies coming from South Korea Composite Gun Towing Vehicle’ The 6×6 Field Artillery Tractor has been indigenously developed by Ashok Leyland and will provide the much-awaited replacement for the ageing fleet of artillery gun towing vehicles.

7. Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action is related to:

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The Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, also known as VDPA, is a human rights declaration adopted by consensus at the World Conference on Human Rights on 25 June 1993 in Vienna, Austria. The position of United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights was recommended by this Declaration and subsequently created by General Assembly

8. SIMBEX is the name of exercise between:

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The 25th edition of the Singapore-India Maritime Bilateral Exercise (SIMBEX) has started in Port Blair. The naval exercise is slated to be held across Indian waters, with the initial harbour phase being held at Port Blair . Subsequently, the second harbour phase will be held at Visakhapatnam

9. Who among the following has been appointed as Chairman of Competition commission of India?

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Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC) headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has appointed Ashok Kumar Gupta as Chairperson of Competition Commission of India (CCI). He replaces acting chairperson Sudhir Mital. He will be in office till October 25, 2022 i.e. till he attains age of 65 years or until further orders, whichever is the earliest

10. Recently who among the following honoured with France's highest civilian honour?

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Jawahar Lal Sarin, president of the Alliance franaise de Delhi's governing body, presented with the Chevalier de la Lgion d'Honneur , France's highest civilian honour. The Legion d'Honneur(Legion of Honour), instituted in 1802 by Napoleon Bonaparte, is the highest civilian award given by the French Republic for outstanding service to France, regardless of the nationality of the recipient.

11. Recently in which country Vice President of India inaugurated the First World War Memorial constructed by the Government of India?

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India constructed a war memorial at Villers-Guislain to honour the valour and sacrifices of the soldiers, sailors and airmen who fought during the First World War. This memorial will be the first of its kind, because of the use of the Ashoka emblem. A similar Indian memorial of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission built decades ago is located at Neuve Chapelle in France. The land in Villers-Guislain was donated by the French government to the Government of India for constructing a memorial recognising the sacrifices of Indian soldiers during during the Battle of Cambrai in 1917. Note: Battle of Cambrai took place in 1917 between German troops and British troops

12. Which of the following is not correct with respect to election expenditure?

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The Election Commission (EC) imposes limits on campaign expenditure incurred by a candidate, not political parties. Expenditure by a Lok Sabha candidate is capped between Rs 50 lakh and Rs 70 lakh, depending on the state she is fighting from. In Assembly elections, the ceiling is between Rs 20 lakh and Rs 28 lakh. This includes money spent by a political party or a supporter towards the candidate’s campaign. However, expenses incurred either by a party or the leader of a party for propagating the party’s programme are not covered. Candidates must mandatorily file a true account of election expenses with the EC. An incorrect account, or expenditure beyond the ceiling can attract disqualification for up to three years under Section 10A of The Representation of the People Act, 1951.

13. Ibrahim Mohamed Solih has been elected as the president of:

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Prime Minister Narendra Modi has accepted Maldives President-elect Ibrahim Mohamed Solih’s invitation to attend his swearing-in ceremony in Male Solih, the opposition Maldivian Democratic Party’s candidate who emerged victorious over incumbent president Abdulla Yameen in the election held on September 23

14. Which country is not a part of Triple Entente during world war-I?

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World war-I started with the assassination of Austro-Hungarian heir Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo by Gavrilo Princip, a Bosnian Serb Yugoslav nationalist on July 28, 1914, which lead to July Crisis. By the end of 1914, the great powers of Europe were divided into two coalitions- the Triple Entente consisting of France, Russia and Britain and the Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy. The Entente and its allies eventually came to be known as the Allied Powers, while the grouping of Austria-Hungary and Germany became known as the Central Powers. Note: The Treaty of Versailles was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end. The Treaty ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. It was signed on June 28, 1919 in Versailles, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand.

15. Bajrang Punia is associated with which sports?

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Indian wrestler Bajrang Punia touched a new high in his career by achieving the number one rank in the world in the 65kg category. Bajrang has won five medals this season, including Common Wealth Games and the Asian Games gold and a silver at the World Championship in Budapest. Bajrang was also the only Indian grappler to be given a seeding at the Budapest World Championship. Interestingly, Bajrang is the lone male Indian to figure in top-10 but the country has five female wrestlers who are in top-10 bracket in their respective categories. They are Pooja Dhanda, RituPhogat, SaritaMor, Navjot Kaur and Kiran.

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