4th December, 2018 (National & International Current Affairs)

1. Which of the following country is associated with yellow vests movement?

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The yellow vests movement also referred to as the yellow jacket movement in English, is a protest movement that began with demonstrations in France on 17 November 2018 and subsequently spread to nearby countries Galvanized by rising fuel prices, the high cost of living and claims that a disproportionate burden of the government's tax reforms were falling on the working and middle classes (especially those in rural and peri-urban areas), protesters called for the end of such changes and the resignation of the President of France, Emmanuel Macron. The movement has been very visible in French cities, but rural areas have been unusually mobilized in the protest. The yellow vest was chosen as a symbol because all motorists had been required by law—since 2008—to have high-visibility vests in their vehicles when driving. As a result, reflective vests have become widely available, inexpensive and symbolic

2. Indian Navy Day is observed annually on:

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Navy Day in India is celebrated on 4 December every year to celebrateo the achievements and role of the naval force to the country. The day is celebrated to commemorate launch of Operation Trident by Indian Navy against Pakistan on 4th December, 1971 In this attack, Indian Navy sank four Pakistani vessels and ravaged Karachi harbour fuel fields. In this operation, three missile boats of Indian Navy, INS Nirghat, INS Nipat and INS Veer had played pivotal role in this mission. Operation Trident had also resulted in first use of anti-ship missiles in the Arabian Sea region. Note: The Maratha Emperor, Chhatrapati Shivaji Bhonsle of the 17th century is considered as "Father of the Indian Navy".

3. Kandhamal Haldi (turmeric) of which state will soon get Geographical Indications (GI) tag?

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Odisha’s Kandhamal Haldi (turmeric), famous for its healing properties, is a few steps away from receiving GI tag as the Geographical Indications Journal has advertised its application seeking objections. About GI tag: A geographical indication (GI) is a name or sign used on certain products which corresponds to a specific geographical location or origin (e.g. a town, region, or country). India, as a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), enacted the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 has come into force with effect from 15 September 2003. GIs have been defined under Article 22(1) of the WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights(TRIPS) Agreement as: "Indications which identify a good as originating in the territory of a member, or a region or a locality in that territory, where a given quality, reputation or characteristic of the good is essentially attributable to its geographic origin

4. Which country has topped in the recently released food sustainability index?

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After banning supermarkets from throwing away unsold fruits and vegetables and directing restaurants to provide doggy bags when asked, France has topped the food sustainability index by waging a war on food wastage. After France, the other four countries that rounded up in top five include Japan, Germany, Spain, and Sweden. Published by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), 34 nations were ranked based on their food waste, environment-friendly agriculture, and quality nutrition. Note: Published by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), 34 nations were ranked based on their food waste, environment-friendly agriculture, and quality nutrition. India was ranked 33rd in the list, second from the bottom up. While high-income countries ranked better, the United States lagged in 21st place due to its poor management of soil and fertilizer in agriculture, and excess consumption of meat, sugar and saturated fats The UAE came was ranked last in the index due to its high food waste of almost 1,000 kilos per person per year, rising obesity and an agriculture sector dependent on depleting water resources

5.India Water Impact Summit 2018 is organized by:

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India Water Impact Summit 2018 is jointly organized by the National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) and the Centre for Ganga River Basin Management and Studies (cGanga). The India Water Impact Summit is an annual event where stakeholders get together to discuss, debate and develop model solutions for some of the biggest water related problems in the country The Summit will focus on three key aspects: 1. Spotlight on 5 states - Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Delhi and Bihar. The objective is to showcase the efforts and works going on within the respective states. 2. Ganga Financing Forum - The 2018 Summit also introduces the inaugural Ganga Financing Forum that will bring a number of institutions to a common knowledge, information and partnership platform. 3. Technology and Innovation - This will provide an opportunity to technology and innovation companies from around the world to showcase their solutions for addressing the problems prevalent in the river basin.

6.In which of the following states Hornbill Festival is celebrated?

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Home Minister Rajnath Singh inaugurated 19th Hornbill Festival in Nagaland on the 55th Nagaland Statehood Day. Hornbill Festival is also called the 'Festival of Festivals'. Note: Nagaland attains its statehood in 1963 and was declared the 16th state of the Indian Union by then President of India Dr. Sarvapelli Radhakrishnana

7.Which of the following ministry launched PRASAD scheme?

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Under the scheme ‘Prasad’ (Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spiritual Augmentation Drive ), the Ministry of Tourism provides Central Financial Assistance (CFA) to State Governments/Union Territory Administrations for development and beautification of the identified pilgrimage destinations. Recently the Centre has included Gangotri and Yamunotri in Uttrarakhand, Amarkantak in Madhya Pradesh and Parasnath in Jharkhand under a central scheme to develop pilgrimage and heritage destinations in the country. With the new additions, the number of sites under the Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spiritual, Heritage Augmentation Drive (PRASAD) launched by the ministry in 2014-15 has now become 41 in 25 states

8.Which of the following publishes a monthly newsletter, Rashtra Mahila, in both Hindi and English?

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Note; The National Commission for Women is a statutory body set up under the National Commission for Women Act, 1990.

9. Orang Tiger reserve is located in:

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10.Which space agency has launched Osiris-Rex mission to Bennu asteroid?

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OSIRIS-Rex stands for Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, Security-Regolith Explorer. NASA’s has launched Osiris-Rex mission to Bennu asteroid, a rock that may predate the solar system. The aim of the mission is to collect a sample of regolith- the loose, soil-like material which covers the surface of the asteroid.

11.Chaitya Bhoomi is a memorial to B. R. Ambedkar, the chief architect of the Indian Constitution. It is located in:

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Chaitya Bhoomi is a memorial to B. R. Ambedkar, the chief architect of the Indian Constitution. Earlier known as Dadar Chowpatty, it began to be known as Chaitya Bhoomi after Ambedkar was cremated there after his death on 6 December 1956.

12.Which of the following words has been declared People's Word of 2018 by Cambridge Dictionary?

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The UK’s Cambridge Dictionary has recently declared "Nomophobia", the word that describes the stress and anxiety caused by being separated from your mobile, as People's Word of the year 2018, as People's Word of the year 2018

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