25th November, 2018 (National & International Current Affairs)

1. Recently world's oldest figurative art was found in:

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A new research claims that painting of an animal done 40,000 years ago in a cave in Indonesia is world's oldest figurative art. The painting depicts a native type of wild cattle, is among thousands of artworks discovered decades ago in the remote region. While researchers have discovered the oldest painting in Borneo, they used technology called uranium series analysis to find the exact time when it was actually painted. The discovery is likely to add evidences that cave painting did not emerge only in Europe, as most of us know.

2. Every year constitution day is observed on:

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Constitution Day (National Law Day), also known as Samvidhan Divas, is celebrated in India on 26 November every year to commemorate the adoption of Constitution of India. On 26 November 1949, the Constituent Assembly of Indiaadopted the Constitution of India, and it came into effect on 26 January 1950. Previously this day was celebrated as Law Day.

3. Which state has topped the list of states with the highest employability?

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Andhra Pradesh has topped the list of states with the highest employability, as per the India Skills Report 2019. It is followed by Rajasthan and Haryana. The survey was conducted jointly by Wheebox, PeopleStrong, Confederation of Indian Industry (CII).

4.Dudhwa Tiger Reserve is located in:

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The Dudhwa Tiger Reserve is a protected area in Uttar Pradesh that stretches mainly across the Lakhimpur Kheri and Bahraich districts and comprises the Dudhwa National Park, Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary and Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary Note: Dudhwa Tiger Reserve (DTR) and Sashastra Sima Bal (SSB) have joined hands to provide full proof security to Dudhwa forests and its rich wildlife. It is Central Armed Police Force (CAPF) entrusted with guarding country’s border with Nepal and Bhutan. It was established in 1963 and functions under Ministry of home affairs

5.Regional Integrated Multi-Hazard Early Warning System (RIMES) for Africa and Asia termed which of the following cyclone as rarest of the rare?

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The Regional Integrated Multi-Hazard Early Warning System (RIMES) for Africa and Asia, a 45-nation international organisation on disaster warning, has termed ‘Titli’, the severe cyclonic storm that devastated Odisha in October, as ‘rarest cyclone’. More than 200 years of cyclone track history in the Odisha coast reveals that the Titli cyclone is the rarest of rare in terms of its characteristics such as recurvature after landfall and retaining its destructive potential after landfall and recurvature away from the coastal areas for more than two days About RIMES: It is intergovernmental body registered under United Nations. It is owned and managed by 45 collaborating countries in Asia Pacific and Africa Region. India is chairman of the body. It was established in 2009

6.Which country has planned to venture into the Internet of things (IoT) with the launch of a new satellite system named 'Marathon'?

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Roscosmos, or Russia's state space corporation, has planned to venture into the Internet of things (IoT) with the launch of a new satellite system named 'Marathon'. The new satellite system will be a part of Russia's Sphere satellite constellation, which will be fully established by 2026. Note: USA’s Iridium has been long operating successfully on voice satellite communications market. OneWeb and Starlink dominate broadband Internet segment

7.Recently there is news regarding Apep. It is the name of:

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Scientists have discovered a new, massive star system in the Milky Way galaxy that challenges existing theories of how large stars eventually die. This system is likely the first of its kind ever discovered in our own galaxy The scientists detected a gamma-ray burst progenitor system -- a type of supernova that blasts out an extremely powerful and narrow jet of plasma and which is thought to occur only in distant galaxies. "It was not expected such a system would be found in our galaxy -- only in younger galaxies much further away. The system, described in the journal Nature Astronomy, and has been dubbed "Apep". Note: Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are short-lived bursts of gamma-ray light, the most energetic form of light. Lasting anywhere from a few milliseconds to several minutes, GRBs shine hundreds of times brighter than a typical supernova and about a million trillion times as bright as the Sun.

8.In which year Zoological Survey of India was established?

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Note: A recent publication by the Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) titled Faunal Diversity of Biogeographic Zones: Islands of India has for the first time come up with a database of all faunal species found on the Andaman & Nicobar Islands, putting the number at 11,009. The documentation proves that the islands, comprising only 0.25% of India’s geographical area, are home to more than 10% of the country’s fauna species. The Narcondam hornbill, its habitat restricted to a lone island; the Nicobar megapode, a bird that builds nests on the ground; the Nicobar treeshrew, a small mole-like mammal; the Long-tailed Nicobar macaque, and the Andaman day gecko, are among the 1,067 endemic faunal species found only on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and nowhere else. About A&N Islands The total area of the A&N Islands, which comprises of 572 islands, islets and rocky outcrops, is about 8,249 sq. km. The population of the islands, which includes six particularly vulnerable tribal groups (PVTGs) — Great Andamanese, Onge, Jarawa, Sentinelese, Nicobarese and Shompens — is not more than 4 lakh. The number of tourists visiting the islands has crossed the number of people residing in them, with latest data showing 4.87 lakh tourists visiting the islands annually. In a recent development, the Government of India relaxed the Restricted Area Permit (RAP) norms for some foreign nationalities notified under the Foreigners (Restricted Areas) Order, 1963, to visit 29 of its inhabited islands, till December 31, 2022. This has triggered further concerns of increased anthropogenic pressures over the islands’ ecosystem

9.Which of the following disease is also known as Hansen’s disease?

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Hansen's disease (also known as leprosy) is an infection caused by slow-growing bacteria called Mycobacterium leprae.

10.With respect to migratory birds, how many fly ways are present in the world?

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A ‘flyway’ is a geographical region within which a single or a group of migratory species completes its annual cycle – breeding, moulting, staging and non-breeding There are nine flyways in the world

11.Who among the following has become the first Indian to win the gold medal in the senior Commonwealth fencing championship?

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India's Bhavani Devi won the gold medal in the Sabre event in the Senior Commonwealth Fencing Championship 2018 held in Canberra, Australia. Bhavani Devi is the first Indian to win a gold medal in the Commonwealth Championship. She defeated England's Emily Ruaux 15-12 in the final.

12.Who among the following has became the first ever female boxer to win six world championships?

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Recently Mary Kom won gold in women’s world boxing championships in 48 kg category. With this she became first ever female boxer to win six world championships Note: India's (Manipur) M C Mary Kom, who won a historic sixth world title, was adjudged the best pugilist of the 10th World Women's Boxing Championships

13.Who among the following has won Syed Modi India Grand Prix Gold badminton title 2018 in men’s singles category?

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Sameer Varmahas won Syed Modi India Grand Prix Gold badminton title 2018 in men’s singles category In the final match held in Lucknow, he defeated China’s Lu Guangzu

14.HySIS is an earth observation satellite developed by:

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Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) will launch a hyperspectral imaging satellite (HySIS), an earth observation satellite along with 30 foreign commercial satellites. The satellites will be launched through Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C43) The primary goal of the hyper spectral imaging satellite would be to study the earth’s surface in visible, near infrared and shortwave infrared regions of the electromagnetic spectrum.

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