19th December, 2018 (National & International Current Affairs)

1. What is the rank of India in 2018 Global Gender Gap Index?

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The World Economic Forum (WEF) released the Global Gender Gap Report 2018, reviewing 149 countries on the basis of their progress towards gender parity and then lists them accordingly in its Global Gender Gap Index. These 149 countries are ranked on the basis of four thematic dimensions- Economic Participation and Opportunity, Educational Attainment, Health and Survival, and Political Empowerment. This year, the Gender Gap Index was topped by Iceland with a score of 0.858, holding the top spot in the index for the 10th consecutive year. Norway and Sweden stands in 2nd and 3rd places. Philippines was placed at eighth rank and was the only Asian country to feature in the top 10. India was ranked 108th in the Global Gender Gap Index 2018, same as it was ranked in 2017.

2. India observed Minorities Rights Day on:

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Minorities Rights Day in India 2018 was celebrated all over India on 18th of December The day is chosen because United Nations, on 18th December 1992, promulgated the “Declaration on the Rights of Persons belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities” to discourage the countries to discriminate amongst people worldwide on the basis of religion, language, nationality or ethnicity.

3. Who among the following has been named as PETA person of the year 2018?

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Sonam Kapoor, has been named People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) India's Person of the Year for 2018.

4. 19th December is celebrated as Goa liberation Day. In which year Goa is liberated from Portuguese?

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Every year on 19 December, Goa Liberation Day is celebrated in the state as Goa was liberated from Portuguese rule on that day in 1961. Goa was a Portuguese colony for 451 years. The government of India under Jawaharlal Nehru in 1961 adopted a plan called Operation Vijay to free the Portuguese colonies in India. General JN Chaudhari was in charge of carrying out this plan. Note: Goa was taken over by the Portuguese from the Maratha rule in 1641 and began the minor Bicholim conflict, which ended in a peace treaty between the Portuguese and Maratha Empire.

5. In which of the following aircrafts, India’s first military flight using blended bio-jet fuel has been successfully tested?

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Experimental test pilots and test engineers from the IAF’s premier testing establishment ASTE, flew India’s first military flight using blended bio-jet fuel on the An-32 transport aircraft in Chandigarh. The project is a combined effort of IAF, DRDO (Defence R&D Organisation), Directorate General of Aeronautical Quality Assurance (DGAQA) and CSIR-Indian Institute of Petroleum (IIP)

6. In which of the following movements Rajkumar Shukla is associated?

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Shukla is associated with Champaran Satyagraha and is said to have persuaded Mahatma Gandhi to visit Champaran to fight for farmers in the region. Recebntly Department of Post has issued a Commemorative Postage Stamp on Rajkumar Shukla

7. Hollongi Greenfield airport project is located in:

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8. In which of the following states National Cancer Institute which is India's largest cancer hospital is opened?

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National Cancer Institute (NCI) in Jhajjar, Haryana, which is also India's largest cancer hospital, opened for public service. The NCI, which is a project under Delhi's All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) will be headed by Dr GK Rath who is also the chief of Institute Rotary Cancer hospital at AIIMS. The NCI will be the nodal institution for all activities related to cancer in the country and will have linkages with regional cancer centres and other cancer institutes within the country. It will act as the premier institute for cancer, identify priority areas for research and development and related areas, will carry out basic and applied research in molecular biology, genomics, proteomics, cancer epidemiology, radiation biology, cancer vaccines and more.

9. Recently Prime Minister Charles Michel has offered his resignation. He served as the prime minister of:

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Belgian PM CharlesMichel resigned amid pressure on his govt over his support for UN global compact on migration.

10. Which of the following satellite is known as Indian Angry Bird?

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GSAT-7A is the 35th Indian communication satellite built by ISRO. Weighing 2,250 kg, GSAT-7A has a mission life of eight years, and will provide communication capability in the Ku-band over the Indian region. Ku is a frequency band. Earlier this month, Ka, another frequency band, was introduced in India for the first time through GSAT-11, the heaviest satellite ever built by ISRO. The satellite will be placed in its final geostationary orbit using the onboard propulsion system. GSAT-7A, will connect all IAF assets like planes, air-borne early warning control platforms, drones and ground stations, building a centralised network. Along with GSAT-7 and GSAT-6, this new satellite, dubbed the ‘Indian Angry Bird’, will form the band of communications satellite for use by the Indian military. It is launched using GSLV-F 11 Note: GSLV-F11 is ISRO’s fourth generation launch vehicle with three stages. The four liquid strap-ons and a solid rocket motor at the core form the first stage of the launch vehicle, while the second stage is equipped with high thrust engine using liquid fuel. The cryogenic upper stage forms the third and final stage of the vehicle.

11. Which country has officially declared 2019 as Year of Tolerance?

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12. Which country developed 9M729 cruise missile?

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President Vladimir Putin rejected the US claim that Russia developed a new cruise missile in violation of a key nuclear treaty, arguing that Russia has no need for such a land-based weapon because it already has similar missiles on its ships and aircraft. Washington warned this month it would suspend its obligations under the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF) in 60 days if Russia did not return to full compliance. The US claims the 9M729 cruise missile breaches the INF, which bans all land-based cruise and ballistic missiles with a range of 500 to 5,500 kilometers (300 to 3,400 miles.) Moscow has repeatedly denied the accusation.

13. The ninth meeting of the India-Republic of Korea (ROK/ South Korea) Joint Commission was held in:

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India and South Korea will review the progress of their special strategic partnership in the 9th India-ROK Joint Commission meeting in New Delhi. External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj and Foreign Affairs Minister of South Korea Kang Kyung-wha will co-chair the meeting Trade and economic relations between the two countries have also gathered momentum in recent years. India and South Korea have set a target to increase bilateral trade to 50 billion dollars by 2030 from 20 billion in 2017-18.

14. Bhupesh Baghel appointed as new chief minister of:

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15. US regulator Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) formally confirmed that India's International Aviation Safety Assessment (IASA) rating remains in:

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US regulator Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has retained the highest aviation safety ranking for India. FAA announced that India's International Aviation Safety Assessment (IASA) rating remains 'Category 1 Category 1 means the carriers from the assessed state may initiate or continue service to the US in a normal manner and take part in reciprocal code-share arrangements with American carriers.

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