18th November, 2018 (National & International Current Affairs)

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1. National Integration Day is observed every year on:

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National Integration Day is observed every year on 19th of November all over the India. It is celebrated as the birthday anniversary of the first woman prime minister of the India Indira Gandhi. In its bid to festoon the spirit of communal harmony, the Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has announced the nationwide observance of "Qaumi Ekta Week" or the "National Integration Week" from 19 November to 25 November. Whereby, each day would be dedicated to different aspects of national integration and harmony, that will help in preventing the secular fabric of our society. The very first day would be observed as "National Integration Day"

2. Recently there is news regarding Fuego Volcano. Fuego Volcano is located in which country?

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3. BIMSTEC weather and climate centre is located at:

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Currently there is a plan to convert BIMSTEC weather and climate centre at Noida as BIMSTEC disaster management and climate change centre. About BIMSTEC: The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation was set up in 1997 and includes India, Bangladesh, Bhutan Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Thailand. The first summit was held in 2004 and the secretariat established in Dhaka in 2014. Following the fourth meeting of the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) in Kathmandu in August, there is a renewed push to conclude a series of proposals to further cooperation and connectivity. The top among them are a master plan on connectivity and the motor vehicle agreement, which have been in the works for almost a decade. Other proposals like a parliamentarians forum, cooperation on cyber and space cooperation and maritime security are under discussion. The draft connectivity master plan aims to improve movement between member states in all modes of transport and is likely to be adopted during the ministerial meeting early next year. The draft was prepared with financial and consultative support from the Asian Development Bank (ADB).

4. First Naturopathy Day is celebrated on:

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The Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, and Homeopathy (Ayush) ministry celebrated the first Naturopathy Day on November 18th with the aim of promoting the drug-less system of medicine to prevent diseases by altering the diet and lifestyle. Note: The International Day of Yoga has been celebrated annually on June 21 since 2015. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has first proposed the idea in his first UN General Assembly speech in 2014. Ayurveda Day, which is marked on November 5 every year, was first celebrated in 2016. Unani Day was celebrated on February 11. All six systems got a day with the declaration of two days this year – January 4 as Siddha Day and November 18 as Naturopathy Day. Homeopathy, being a German system of alternative medicine, has a World Homeopathy day. It is celebrated on April 10 on the birthday of Samuel Hahnemann, the founder of Homeopathy.

5. GROWTH-India telescope is located in:

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The 0.7 m GROWTH-India telescope at the Indian Astronomical Observatory located in Hanle, Ladakh, has made its first science observation which is a follow-up study of a nova explosion. Novae are explosive events involving violent eruptions on the surface of white dwarf stars, leading to temporary increase in brightness of the star. Unlike a supernova, the star does not go on to die but returns to its earlier state after the explosion. This recurrent nova, named M31N-2008, has been observed to erupt several times, the most recent eruption happening in November 2018. Recurrent nova systems are interesting because they are candidates for progenitors of Type Ia supernovae. About GROWTH-India telescope: The GROWTH-India telescope is part of the Global Relay of Observatories Watching Transients Happen. Its goals are threefold: (1) Search for explosions in the optical regime whenever LIGO group detects a Binary Neutron Star merger (2) study nearby young supernova explosions. (3) Study nearby asteroids. It is the country’s first robotic telescope and the first one designed to observe dynamic or transient events in the universe. Universities and research institutes from the US, the UK, Japan, India, Germany, Taiwan and Israel are part of the initiative. The Rs 3.5 crore telescope is a joint project of the Bangalore-based Indian Institute of Astrophysics (IIA) and the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IITB). The project is fully funded by the Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB) of the Department of Science and Technology (DST) under the PIRE project, administered by Indo US Science and Technology Forum. Anupama of IIA and Varun Bhalerao of IIT Bombay are the principal investigators of the project in India.

6. Recently which state has become the third state in the country where hookah bars or lounges were banned through law?

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Hookah bars have been permanently banned in Punjab as President Ram Nath Kovind gave assent to a Bill to check the use of tobacco. Punjab has become the third state in the country (after Gujarat and Maharashtra) where hookah bars or lounges were banned through law.

7. Who among the following will be chief guest at the 2019 Republic Day parade of India?

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South African president Cyril Ramaphosa will be chief guest at the 2019 Republic Day parade of India. With this, Ramaphosa would become 2nd leader from his country to attend the event. Former president Nelson Mandela was the chief guest at the 1995 parade.

8. India International Cherry Blossom festival was held recently in:

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India International Cherry Blossom festival was held recently in Shillong, Meghalaya. This festival is the world’s only autumn cherry blossom festival.

9. In which of the following states Nalbana Bird Sanctuary is located?

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10. The 2018 Apec summit was held recently in:

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Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) is an inter-governmental forum for 21 Pacific Rim member economies that promotes free trade throughout the Asia-Pacific region Headquartered in Singapore, the APEC is recognized as the oldest forum and highest-level multilateral bloc in the Asia-Pacific region, and exerts a significant global influence

11. Which country is not a member in Quadrilateral Coordination Group?

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Quadrilateral Coordination Group (QCG) is a four-nation group working for reconciliation in Afghanistan which includes Afghanistan, China, Pakistan and the United States of America Group aims to initiate reconciliation process between civilian government in Afghanistan and Talibans to preserve Afghanistan’s unity, sovereignty and territorial integrity and achieve lasting peace and stability in Afghanistan and the region.

12. Revised Kyoto Convention is related to:

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The WCO Council adopted the revised Kyoto Convention in June 1999 as the blueprint for modern and efficient Customs procedures

13. Which of the following team won F1H2O World Championship held in Amaravati?

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Team Abu Dhabi’s Shaun Torrente put up a great performance to emerge winner in the UIM F1H2O Grand Prix of India held in Amaravati, the emerging capital of Andhra Pradesh, who maintained a lead from the word go, clinched his seventh career-victory and moved to the top of the championship standings. The second place went to the Emirates Racing’s Marit Stromoy, the only woman racer Jonas Andersson, the Team Amaravati driver, had to opt out after maintaining fourth position in 33 of the 44-lap race due to a technical glitch in his powerboat. F1H2O World Championship held in Amaravati & Vijayawada on banks of Krishna River from 16-18 November in AndhraPradesh.

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