17th October, 2018 (National & International Current Affairs)

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1. World Food Day is observed every year on:

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World Food Day is celebrated every year around the world on 16 October in honor of the date of the founding of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in 1945. The day is celebrated widely by many other organizations concerned with food security, including the World Food Programme and the International Fund for Agricultural Development. Theme of 2018 World Food Day is our actions are our future- – A zero hunger world by 2030 is possible’. The Government of India aims to transform India’s agricultural sector to contribute to the achievements of global environmental objectives, and has launched a new project in association with FAO, India office known as ‘Green-agriculture: transforming Indian agriculture for global environmental benefits and the conservation of critical biodiversity and forest landscapes’ This year marks the 25th anniversary of the declaration by the General Assembly, in its resolution 47/196 of 22 December 1992, of 17 October as the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty. This year also marks the 30th anniversary of the Call to Action by Father Joseph Wresinski — which inspired the observance of October 17 as the World Day for Overcoming Extreme Poverty — and the recognition by the United Nations of the day as the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty Note: Headquarters of FAO is located in Rome World Food Programme (WFP) is the food-assistance branch of the United Nations and the world's largest humanitarian organization addressing hunger and promoting food security

2. Who among the following has been appointed as the Chairperson of the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR)?

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Priyank Kanoongo has been appointed to the post of Chairperson of the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR). Note: National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) is an Indian governmental commission, established by an Act of Parliament, the Commission for Protection of Child Rights Act in December 2005, thus is a statutory body. The commission works under the aegis of Min. of Women and Child development, GoI. The Commission began operation a year later in March 2007.

3. International Day for eradication of Poverty is observed every year on:

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International Day for the Eradication of Poverty is an international observance celebrated every year on October 17throughout the world.

4. Which country will preside Group of 77 (G-77) plus China in 2019?

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The U.N. General Assembly has overwhelmingly approved a resolution that will enable the Palestinians to chair the major group of developing countries at the United Nations in 2019, ignoring protests from the United States and Israel The General Assembly voted overwhelmingly to grant the observer-state of Palestine temporary rights to act as chair of the Group of 77 plus China, a bloc that has grown to 134 countries at the United Nations. The resolution was approved by a vote of 146-3 with Australia joining the U.S. and Israel in opposing the measure with 15 abstentions Note: Group of 77 (G77) at the United Nations is a coalition of developing nations, designed to promote its members' collective economic interests and create an enhanced joint negotiating capacity in the United Nations. There were 77 founding members of the organization, but by November 2013 the organization had since expanded to 134 member countries (including China) Since China participates in the G77 but does not consider itself to be a member, all official statements are issued in the name of The Group of 77 and China. Egypt holds the Chairmanship for 2018. Palestine, an observer state of the United Nations, is to chair the group from January 2019

5. Which of the following city’s name was changed as Prayagraj?

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Uttar Pradesh cabinet has cleared a proposal to rename Allahabad “Prayagraj” ahead of the 2019 Kumbh Mela. Note: The city of Allahabad was originally known as Prayag in ancient times. Between 1574 and 1583, the 16th-century Mughal emperor Akbar founded a fort near the confluence of the Ganga and the Yamuna, known as Sangam, as he was impressed with its strategic position. Akbar named the fort and its neighbourhood as Ilahabad, which meant the "Abode of God", inspired by the religion he had founded, Din-i-Illahi. In the later years, Akbar's grandson Shah Jahan renamed the entire city as Allahabad.

6. Who among the following was awarded the 8th Social Entrepreneur of the Year award, 2018?

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Prema Gopalan, founder of Swayam Shikshan Prayog (SSP), was awarded the 8th Social Entrepreneur of the Year award, 2018, for her work in promoting women’s entrepreneurship at the grassroots and ensuring rural livelihood Gopalan received the award for her work in promoting women’s entrepreneurship at the grassroots level and ensuring rural livelihood. She works in the areas affected by global climate change. Jointly founded by Jubilant Bhartia Foundation and Schwab Foundation for Social Entrepreneurship in 2010, the award recognizes promising and high-impact social entrepreneurs who implement practical and sustainable solutions. Note: Schwab Foundation for Social Entrepreneurship is a sister organization of the World Economic Forum. The Foundation provides unique regional and global platforms to promote social entrepreneurship as a key element to advancing societies and addressing social problems innovatively and effectively. It also fosters a peer global community of social entrepreneurs.

7. Who among the following has been appointed as Director-General of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)?

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8. India’s first agri and food business online learning platform was launched with the help of:

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British Deputy High Commissioner launched the SRiX Agri-Business Academy, India’s first agri and food business online learning platform, at SR Innovation Exchange (SRiX) Campus, Warangal. SRiX Agri-Business Academy is an Indo-UK collaborative initiative. SRiX is a technology business incubator under the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India. It is focussed on start-ups of agriculture, cleantech and IoT. Start-ups from all over the country are showing interest to incubate in SRiX. Sarras Academies Ltd, a UK-based company, and SR Innovation Exchange have joined hands to launch the Academy.

9. Tala hydropower project is located in:

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The 1,020MW Tala hydroelectric project is the biggest joint project between India and Bhutan. It is a run-of-the-river type hydroelectric power station on the Wangchu River in Chukha District, Bhutan

10. Who won the Fukuoka Arts and Culture Prize 2018?

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Pandavani folk singer Teejan Bai from Chattisgrah has been chosen as a recipient of this year's Fukuoka Prize. She has been announced the winner of the Arts and Culture Prize. The Fukuoka Prize, which has been awarded yearly since 1990 in Fukuoka, Japan, is conferred on outstanding individuals or groups that preserve and create the unique and diverse cultures of Asia. The prize aims to foster and increase awareness of the value of Asian cultures, and to institute a broad framework for exchange and mutual learning among the people of Asia Note: Pandavani is a folk singing style involving narration of tales from the ancient Indian epic Mahabharata. The singing also involves musical accompaniment. Bhima, the second of the Pandava is the hero of the story in this style.

11. India and which country has launched their first joint programme for Afghanistan to train its diplomats?

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12. Influenza, commonly known as "the flu", is an infectious disease caused by:

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Influenza, commonly known as "the flu", is an infectious disease caused by an influenza virus. Three of the four types of influenza viruses affect people, Type A, Type B, and Type C. Type D has not been known to infect people, but is believed to have the potential do so

13. First Ex-Servicemen Contributory Health Scheme (ECHS) Polyclinic was inaugurated in:

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First Ex-Servicemen Contributory Health Scheme (ECHS) Polyclinic in the remote high altitude area of Tawang in Arunachal Pradesh The scheme will provide quality medical care to all Ex-Servicemen and their dependents who could not travel upto the nearest ECHS facilities

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