17th December, 2018 (National & International Current Affairs)

1. Recently foundation stone of Institute of High-Altitude Medicinal Plants (IHAMP) was laid in:

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The Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) for AYUSH Shri Shripad Yesso Naik and Union Minister of State in Prime Minister's Office (PMO) Dr. Singh laid the foundation stone of Institute of High Altitude Medicinal Plants (IHAMP) at Bhaderwah in District Doda in J&K. Later both the ministers also laid the foundation stone for the establishment of AYUSH Hospital at Kishtwar

2. Russia’s Akademik Lomonosov is the name of:

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Russian state-run atomic energy corporation Rosatom announced that Akademik Lomonosov, the world's first "floating" nuclear power plant (FNPP) for installation in remote areas, has been started and brought to 10 per cent of its capacity For power generation, it has been fitted with two modified KLT-40 naval propulsion nuclear reactors (each of 35 MW capacity) together providing up to 70 MW of electricity and 300 MW of heat. However, environmentalists have dubbed it as ‘nuclear Titanic’ or ‘Chernobyl on ice’

3. Every year India celebrates Vijay Diwas on:

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Vijay Diwas is commemorated every 16 December in India as it marks its military victory over Pakistan in 1971 during the war for the independence of Bangladesh from Pakistan On this day in 1971, the chief of the Pakistani forces, General Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi, along with 93,000 troops, surrendered to the allied forces consists of Indian Army and Mukti Bahini, led by General Jagjit Singh Aurora, of India in the Ramna Race Course, now Suhrawardy Udyan, in Dhaka after their defeat in the war.

4. Who among the following is the head of Group of Ministers(GoM) constituted to examine the specific recommendations of High Level Empowered Committee (HLEC) constituted to address the issue of stressed power projects?

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The government has constituted a Group of Ministers(GoM) headed by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley to make a careful and critical examination on the recommendations of a high-level panel on stressed power projects. The other members of the GOM are Road Transport Minister Nitin Gadkari, Commerce Minister Suresh Prabhu, Oil Minister Dharmendra Pradhan, Railways Minister Piyush Goyal and Power Minister R K Singh Note: Earlier government constituted a high-level panel on stressed power projects. The panel, headed by Cabinet Secretary P K Sinha, had submitted its report last month. The high-level committee had suggested setting up a mechanism to allow public financial institutions (PFIs) like REC and PFC to discount receivables from distribution companies (discoms) and make upfront payments to generating companies. The panel also recommended that the Ministry of Power may engage with the power regulators to ensure that late payment surcharge (LPS) is mandatorily paid in the event of delay in payment by discoms.

5. Who among the following has been named as the Vice Chancellor of National Rail and Transportation Institution (NRTI)?

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Indian Railways opened the doors of India's first railway university in Vadodara, Gujarat. Dedicated to the nation by Union Railways Minister Piyush Goyal, it is the first of its kind institution in the nation and the third in the world after Russia and China. Named the Rail and Transportation Institution (NRTI), this deemed university will offer professional courses in technology and management of transportation networks. The chairman of Railways Board Ashok Lohani has been named the Vice Chancellor

6. 18th meeting of the India-Russia Inter-Governmental Commission on Military Technical Cooperation (IRIGC-MTC) was held in:

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The 18thmeeting of the India-Russia Inter-Governmental Commission on Military Technical Cooperation (IRIGC-MTC) was held in New Delhi. The meeting was co-chaired by Raksha Mantri Smt Nirmala Sitharaman and Minister of Defence of the Russian Federation General Sergei Shoigu. Intensive discussions were held on joint manufacturing projects, including the Kamov-226Thelicopters, naval frigates and projects related to land systems. T With a view to enhancing military-to-military engagement and rationalising the functioning of the Commission, a revised Inter-Governmental Agreement on restructuring the existing IRIGC-MTC to the IRIGC on Military and Military Technical Cooperation was also signed by the two Ministers. An additional institutional Working Group headed by Chief of Integrated Defence Staff to the Chairman COSE (CISC) and Deputy Chief of the Main Operational Directorate of General Staff of Armed Forces of Russian Federation would be set up under the expanded Commission. The inaugural meeting of the IRIGC-MTC is proposed to be held in Russia in 2019 on mutually convenient dates. Note: The India-Russia Inter-Governmental Commission on Military Technical Cooperation (IRIGC-MTC) was set up in 2000

7. The current intelligence bureau chief is:

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Intelligence Bureau Director Rajiv Jain and Research & Analysis Wing Secretary Anil K Dhasmana, whose two-year terms end later this month, have been given extensions of six months by Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC) Note: The ACC has also redesignated Anil Srivastava, 1985-batch IAS officer of the Madhya Pradesh cadre from advisor, NITI Aayog, to principal adviser

8. Mount Soputan volcano is located in:

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Mount Soputan volcano is one of the most active volcanoes of Indonesia. it is located on the Sulawesi island in Indonesia Note: The most active volcanoes of Indonesia are Kelud and Merapi

9. Who among the following has been sworn in as the Mizoram’s new chief minister?

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Mr. Zoramthanga has been sworn in as the new chief minister of Mizoram. Zoramthanga belongs to the Mizo National Front (MNF) Note: There are total 40 constituencies in Mizoram. Mizo National Front (MNF) won 26 seats out of 40 seats in the 2018 elections

10. Recently which country recognized West Jerusalem as the capital of Israel?

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Australia now recognizes west Jerusalem as Israel's capital. Australia became one of just a few governments around the world to follow US President Donald Trump's lead and recognise the contested city as Israel's capital, but Morrison also committed to recognising a future state of Palestine with east Jerusalem as its capital.

11. Who among the following won Miss India Worldwide 2018 title?

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Indian-American Shree Saini has been crowned Miss India Worldwide 2018 at a pageant held in the Fords City of New Jersey. • Sakshi Sinha from Australia and Anusha Sareen from United Kingdom were respectively declared first and second runner ups in the 27th annual global pageant for people of Indian origin. • India's Mandeep Kaur Sandhu, who hails from Haryana, was crowned Mrs India Worldwide 2018. Miss India Worldwide: It is organised by the New York-based India Festival Committee (IFC), the pageant is said to be the oldest and largest event for the Indian Diaspora community. The next edition of the Miss India Worldwide will be held in Mumbai in 2019

12. Which state became the first state in the country to amend law on Sextortion?

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Jammu and Kashmir has become the first state in the country to have a law banning sexual exploitation of women by those in positions of authority, having a fiduciary relationship or a public servant. The State Administrative Council (SAC) under the chairmanship of Governor Satya Pal Malik on Friday approved the 'Prevention of Corruption (Amendment) Bill, 2018' and the 'Jammu and Kashmir Criminal Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2018' The Jammu and Kashmir Criminal Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2018 seeks to amend the Ranbir Penal Code, whereby specific offence under section 354 E is being inserted to provide for the offence of 'Sextortion' Amendments are being made in section 154, 161 and Schedule of Criminal Procedure Code and section 53 A of the Evidence Act so as to bring sextortion at par with similar offences prescribed under Ranbir Penal Code, and amendment is being made in the Prevention of Corruption Act to amend the definition of misconduct and provide that demand for sexual favours would also constitute misconduct within the meaning of section 5 Note: Indian Penal code is not applicable to Jammu and Kashmir and in place of IPC, a similar criminal law Ranbir Penal Code applies in the state.  The code was introduced by Ranbir Singh during the Dogra Dynasty and it came in effect from 1932. The provision of code was prepared by Thomas Babington Macaulay.

13. Indian Navy is all set to establish the information fusion centre (IFC) for the Indian Ocean Region in:

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Indian Navy is all set to establish the information fusion centre (IFC) for the Indian Ocean Region at the Navy’s Information Management and Analysis Centre (IMAC) in Gurugram. Through this Centre, information on “white shipping”, or commercial shipping, will be exchanged with countries in the region to improve maritime domain awareness in the Indian Ocean. Only those countries will be served by this centre that have signed White Shipping Information Exchange agreements with India. Around 21 countries have such agreement with India till now Note: In a related development, India has signed the ascension agreement to the Trans Regional Maritime Network (T-RMN) which facilitates information exchange on the movement of commercial traffic on the high seas. The multilateral construct comprises of 30 countries and is steered by Italy.

14. Which country named recent cyclone as Phethai?

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Phethai, name of the cyclone is suggested by Thailand. It is pronounced as `Pay-ti’, means a vegetarian bean in Thailand Phethai is the 77th cyclone crossing Andhra Pradesh coast in in the 127-year-old history of the IMD

15. With which of the following sports Joshna Chinapa is associated?

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Joshna Chinappa and Mahesh Mangaonkar clinched the women’s and men’s singles titles respectively at the National Squash Championships in New Delhi Chinappa matched Bhuvaneswari Kumari’s record of 16 national titles while Mangaonkar claimed his first after contrasting wins. Mahesh beat Vikram Malhotra 11-4, 13-15, 11-2, 5-11, 15-13 while Joshna dominated Urwashi Joshi 9-11, 11-1, 11-6, 11-5.

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