15th November, 2018 (National & International Current Affairs)

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1. Which of the following is not correct with respect to 10th Agricultural census?

Correct! Wrong!

As per the census data, small and marginal holdings taken together (0-2 ha) constitute 86.21 per cent of the total holdings in 2015-16 against 84.97 per cent in 2010-11. Their share in the operated area stands at 47.34 per cent in the current census as against 44.31 per cent in 2010-11. Semi-medium and medium operational holdings (2-10 ha) in 2015-16 were 13.22 per cent, with 43.61 per cent of operated area. The large holdings (10 ha and above) were merely 0.57 per cent of total number of holdings in 2015-16 and had a share of 9.04 per cent in the operated area as against 0.71 per cent and 10.59 per cent, respectively for 2010-11 census.

2. The ‘Biodiversity hotspot’ Status is designated by:

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A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with significant levels of biodiversity that is threatened with destruction. The Status is designated by International Union For Conservation Of Nature(IUCN). The concept of biodiversity hotspot was given in 1988 by Norman Myers. To qualify as a hotspot, a region must meet two strict criteria: Endemism: it must contain at least 1,500 species of vascular plants (> 0.5 percent of the world’s total) as endemics, and Loss of Habitat: it has to have lost at least 70 percent of its original habitat. About IUCN: IUCN was established in 1948. It is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources. Headquarters of IUCN is located in Gland, Switzerland

3. As per recent announcement government will give employers the salaries for how many weeks of maternity leave for women earning more than Rs 15,000 a month?

Correct! Wrong!

Women and Child Development ministry announced that the government will give employers the salaries for seven of the 26 weeks of maternity leave for women earning more than Rs 15,000 a month, The announcement, which covers the government as well as the private sector, comes in the wake of complaints that many companies were reluctant to hire pregnant women after maternity leave was extended from 12 to 26 weeks and some were even firing women employees. Ministry has been decided to utilise the funds lying in the labour welfare cess to pay the employers. The labour welfare cess has been given to state governments to ensure the welfare of workers. Maternity leave was extended from 12 weeks to 26 weeks last year. This benefitted about 1.8 million women in the organised sector and raised India’s position to the third place in terms of the number of weeks given for maternity leave after Canada (50 weeks) and Norway (44)

4. National Press Day is celebrated on:

Correct! Wrong!

National Press Day is celebrated on November 16 to commemorate the establishment of the Press Council of India. Formed in 1966, the Press Council keeps a check on the quality of reportage provided by the Indian press. It also ensures that journalistic objectivity is not compromised due to "influence or threats of any extraneous factors

5. Which of the following state is associated with Uru making?

Correct! Wrong!

The Uru, or "Fat Boat", is a generic name for large Dhow-type wooden ships made by asharis in Beypore, a village south of Kozhikode, Kerala, This type of boat has been used by the Arabs since ancient times as trading vessels, and even now, urus are being manufactured and exported to Arab nations from Beypore. These boats used to be built of several types of wood, the main one being teak. The teak was taken from Nilambur forests in earlier times, but now imported Malaysian teak is used. As an art passed down through generations, Uru-making is an undocumented practice. There are no build plans, sketches, drawings, or blueprints that the makers refer to. From conception to completion, it is all in the mind of the master carpenter or maistry of a yard, who assigns work to his assistants on a daily basis, so as to keep the secrecy that shrouds the technology intact.

6. Which of the following ministry launched Rashtriya Kishore SwasthyaKaryakram ?

Correct! Wrong!

The Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram was launched by Ministry of Health & Family welfare. It is a health programme for adolescents, in the age group of 10-19 years, which would target their nutrition, reproductive health and substance abuse, among other issues. To guide the implementation of this programme, MOHFW in collaboration with UNFPA has developed a National Adolescent Health Strategy. It realigns the existing clinic-based curative approach to focus on a more holistic model based on a continuum of care for adolescent health and developmental needs. Note: RashtriyaBalSwasthyaKaryakram (RBSK) was launched in February, 2013 under National Rural Health Mission. This initiative aims to screen and manage children from birth to 18 years of age for Defects at Birth, Deficiencies, Diseases and Developmental Delays including disabilities. Under this initiative, all newborns delivered at public health facilities and homes are screened for birth defects by health personnel and ASHA. The children in the age group of six weeks to six years include those attending Anganwadicentres and children in the age group of 6 years to 18 years enrolled in government and government aided schools are screened by dedicated Mobile Block Health Teams consisting of two AYUSH doctors (one male and one female), one ANM and one pharmacist. The children identified with any health condition are then referred to an appropriate health facility for further management and linking with tertiary level institutions. The establishment of District Early Intervention Centre (DEIC) is also one of the components of the RBSK. The National Deworming Day is an initiative of Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India to make every child in the country worm free. This is one of the largest public health programs reaching large number of children during a short period.

7. How many countries are designated as Tiger Range Countries?

Correct! Wrong!

The Tiger Range Countries (TRC) are the countries where tigers still roam free. There are 13 countries in the world which are designated as Tiger Range Countries. They are Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Russia, Thailand, Vietnam and North-Korea. The 13 TRC who are CITES member states recently held a conference in Russia and jointly vowed to double the estimated number of tigers left in the wild (3200) Note: The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) has played a crucial role in improving international efforts for tiger conservation.

8. The ‘e-ILA’ or ‘e-Incremental Learning Approach’ capacity-building courses have been initiated for the purpose of:

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‘e-ILA’ or ‘e-Incremental Learning Approach’ is Technology developed to support the field functionaries to improve their knowledge and skills in an ongoing incremental manner) and many other issues concerning effective implementation of PoshanAbhiyan.

9. Under how many Sub heads GDP is presented by Central statistical office?

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There are eight sub-heads under which GDP data is presented by CSO. They are 1. Agriculture 2. Mining and quarrying 3. Manufacturing 4. Electricity, gas, water supply and other utility services 5. Construction 6. Trade, hotels, transport, communication and services related to broadcasting 7. Financial, insurance, real estate and professional services 8. Public administration and defence and other services GDP is measured through output approach and expenditure approach. The above sub-heads when added up amount to GDP calculation through the output method. Under the expenditure approach of measuring GDP, the various components include private consumption expenditure, government consumption expenditure, investment, change in stocks, valuables and net exports. Though GDP measured from either side should be equal, since reliable data is not available for private consumption expenditure, there is always a difference in the two ways of measuring GDP. The difference is usually put as “discrepancies” in the expenditure approach of measuring GDP.

10. 2018 Aadi Mahotsav festival will be held in:

Correct! Wrong!

The 15-day Aadi Mahotsav festival will begin in the national capital Delhi. The theme of the festival is: A celebration of the spirit of tribal culture, craft, cuisine and commerce.

11. Who among the following is the chairman of Himalayan State Regional Council?

Correct! Wrong!

In a bid to ensure sustainable development of the Himalayan region, NITI Aayog constituted the Himalayan State Regional Council. The council, which will be chaired by VK Saraswat, Member, NITI Aayog, will consist of Chief Secretaries of the 12 Himalayan States as well as secretaries of central ministries, among others. It will review and implement identified action points based on the reports of five working groups. The Council will also act as the nodal agency for sustainable development in the Himalayan region which has 12 States, including Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh. Recognizing the uniqueness of the Himalayas and the challenges for sustainable development, Five Working Groups were constituted by NITI Aayog on June 2, 2017. These Working Groups were tasked with preparing a roadmap for action across five thematic areas namely, 1. Inventory and Revival of Springs in Himalayas for Water Security, 2. Sustainable Tourism in Indian Himalayan Region, 3. Shifting Cultivation: Towards Transformation Approach, 4. Strengthening Skill & Entrepreneurship (E&S) Landscape in Himalayas, and 5. Data/Information for Informed Decision Making.

12. Directorate General of Trade Remedies (DGTR) works under:

Correct! Wrong!

Department of Commerce formally issued notification for creation of Directorate General of Trade Remedies (DGTR) in the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. DGTR will be the apex National Authority for administering all trade remedial measures including anti-dumping, countervailing duties and safeguard measures. The DGTR will bring Directorate General of Anti-dumping and Allied duties (DGAD), Directorate General of Safeguards (DGS) and Safeguards (QR) functions of DGFT into its fold by merging them into one single national entity. It will also provide trade defence support to our domestic industry and exporters in dealing with increasing instances of trade remedy investigations instituted against them by other countries.

13. Recently government has delegated powers to local bodies to ensure compliance of environmental conditions for buildings, construction and area development projects between:

Correct! Wrong!

The Government has delegated powers to local bodies to ensure compliance of environmental conditions for buildings, construction and area development projects measuring between 20,000 and 50,000 square metres. local bodies have also been given the powers to ensure environmental conditions are followed at industrial sheds, educational institutions, hospitals and hostels for educational institutions from 20,000 sqmt to 1,50,000 sqmt. Local bodies such as Municipalities, Development Authorities and District Panchayats, shall stipulate environmental conditions while granting permission, for the Building or Construction projects. The environmental conditions include natural drainage, water conservation, rainwater harvesting, water recharge, waste management, green cover and topsoil preservation, among others.

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