12th December, 2018 (National & International Current Affairs)

1. Who among the following appointed as Vice-chair of UN Panel of auditors?

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Comptroller and Auditor General Rajiv Mehrishi has become the Vice-Chair of the UN Panel of Auditors. Recently the panel held its annual meeting in New York from 3 to 4 December 2018 and discussed various issues concerning audit of United Nations and the agencies under the United Nations System. The panel elected the Comptroller and Auditor General of the UK as Chair of the Panel for another term (2019). The panel also unanimously elected the Comptroller and Auditor General of India as the Vice Chair of the panel for the year 2019 United Nations Panel of Auditors: The United Nations Panel was established by UN General Assembly Resolution 1438 (XIV) in 1959. It consists of Auditors consists of External Auditors of the United Nations and its agencies. Presently, the panel consists of 11 countries -- India, Germany, Chile, Canada, France, Italy, Philippines, Ghana, Indonesia, Switzerland and United Kingdom. Currently, the panel is chaired by the Comptroller and Auditor General of the UK. The next meeting of the panel will be held in Bonn, Germany in November-December 2019

2. First district court in India to accept e-payments is:

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3. Which of the following developed Light Utility Helicopter?

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The Light Utility Helicopter, being developed by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), has achieved an important milestone of flying at 6 km altitude. The Light Utility Helicopter will replace the aging Cheetah and Chetak helicopters. The LUH is a 3-ton class new generation helicopter designed and developed by the HAL’s Rotary Wing Research and Design Center (RWR&DC).

4. Which of the following has launched Twitter account @CyberDost to spread awareness about cybercrimes?

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With an objective of spreading awareness about cyber-crimes and precautions to be taken, the Ministry of Home Affairs has launched @CyberDost, Twitter handle where pertinent posts are being placed regularly. General public and Government employees will be immensely benefitted if they follow the Twitter handle.

5. Recently Shaktikanta Das appointed as:

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6. Who among the following is the head of Prime Minister Economic Advisory Council?

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PMEAC is a non-constitutional, non-permanent and independent body constituted to give economic advice to the Government of India, specifically to the Prime Minister. The council is headed by another noted economist Bibek Debroy. Other part-time members on the Council include economists Rathin Roy, Ashima Goyal and former bureaucrat Ratan Watal. Recently noted economist Surjit Bhalla has resigned from the Prime Minister Economic Advisory Council (PMEAC).

7. Which state launched a 24-hour helpline ‘181’ for women facing harassment?

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8. Recently union government increases its contribution to the National Pension System (NPS) for the central government employees to:

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The central government’s contribution to the National Pension System (NPS) will be increased to 14% from the current 10%. The minimum employee contribution stands at 10%. Under the NPS, the subscriber is eligible to withdraw 60 per cent of the corpus. The remaining 40% of the accumulated fund goes towards annuity. Tax exemption limit for lump sum withdrawal on exit has been enhanced to 60 per cent, adding the entire withdrawal will now be exempt from income tax. Out of 60 per cent of the accumulated corpus withdrawn by the NPS subscriber at the time of retirement, 40 per cent is tax exempt and balance 20 per cent is taxable. This tax exemption on withdrawal is for all sections of employees. Additional burden due to the increase in government’s contribution on the exchequer will be Rs 2,840 crore for the 2019-20 fiscal Note: There had been a long pending demand to bring NPS in the EEE (exempt-exempt-exempt) category and at par with employee provident fund (EPF) and Public Provident Fund (PPF).

9. How many nations adopted Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration?

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History was made when first-ever Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration was adopted by 164 countries in order to help as many as 258 million migrants worldwide achieve a life of safety and dignity. Although the US has been against the deal, around 85 per cent of the UN member states stood strong against it. To mark the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the global leaders inked this historical accord to help millions of women and men who are not exercising their basic human rights, and contesting the forces of oppression, becoming a subject of exploitation, discrimination and injustice. The Conference was hosted by the Government of Morocco as agreed to by UN member states in the 'New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants'. The Global Compact encompasses 23 objectives to help manage migration at all levels - global, national and local.

10. European Union (EU) has established India’s first Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence (CoE) in:

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India's first Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence established by the European Union was inaugurated at the Department of European Studies (DES) at Manipal Academy of Higher Education The award comes with a grant of €1,00,000 to pursue India-EU interdisciplinary studies in culture, literature, education and society. This is the fifth time that MAHE has been awarded grants under the Erasmus+ Jean Monnet initiative. Previous grants have been used for chair, modules and project. Under the present award, the Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence in India-EU Interdisciplinary Studies aims to strengthen and enhance the educational connect between India and EU.

11. Fourth Partners’ Forum was held in:

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Fourth Partners’ Forum was held in New Delhi. The objective of the conference is to improve knowledge, alignment and accountability to accelerate action on women's, children's and adolescents’ health. The Partners’ Forum is a global health partnership launched in September 2005 to accelerate efforts to reduce child and maternal mortality, improve adolescent, child, newborn and maternal health.

12. Recently which spacecraft has discovered evidences of water on Bennu asteroid?

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Scientists discovered evidence of water on asteroid Bennu using the data from NASA's OSIRIS-REx spacecraft. The probe, on a mission to return samples from the asteroid to Earth for study, was launched in 2016. Bennu, roughly a third of a mile wide (500 meters), orbits the sun at roughly the same distance as Earth. There is concern among scientists about the possibility of Bennu impacting Earth late in the 22nd century.

13. Which state hosted AdventureNext India 2018, the first-of-its-kind in India & Asia?

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14. According to a global nutrition report-2018, which country holds almost a third of the world's burden for growth inhibition?

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India is facing a major malnutrition crisis as it holds almost a third of the world's burden for growth inhibition, according to a global nutrition report published by WHO With 46.6 million children who are stunted, India tops the list of countries followed by Nigeria (13.9 million) and Pakistan (10.7 million) India also accounted for 25.5 million children who are wasted, followed by Nigeria (3.4 million) and Indonesia (3.3 million). Wasting, or low weight for height, is a strong predictor of mortality among children under five. It is usually the result ofa cute significant food shortage and/or disease.

15. Which state Government honoured Mary Kom with the title "Meethoileima"?

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Manipur Government honoured AIBA World Women Boxing Gold medalist MC Mary Kom with the title "Meethoileima" (par excellent queen)

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